A
• Acacia – Secret love; chaste love; beauty in retirement; elegance; friendship; hope
• Acanthus – Art or artistic; the fine arts; artifice
• Achillea millefolia – War
• Aconite (Wolf’s Bane) – Misanthropy
• Acorn – Nordic symbol of life and immortality
• Agapanthus – Love letters
• Agnus castus – Coldness; indifference
• Allspice – Compassion
• Almond Blossom – Hope; lover’s charm
• Aloe – Grief
• Alstroemeria – Devotion; friendship
• Alyssum – Worth beyond beauty
• Ambrosia – Love returned
• Amaranth – Fidelity
• Amaranth, Globe – Unchangeable; immortality; unchanging love
• Amaryllis – Pride; Timidity; splendid beauty
• Anemone – Unfading love; truth; sincerity; anticipation; forsaken; fading hope
• Angelica – Inspiration
• Aniseed – Restoration of youth
• Apple blossom – Preference; good fortune
• Arbor Vitae – True friendship
• Arbutus – Thee only do I love
• Artemisia – Dignity
• Asphodel – My regrets follow you to the grave
• Aster – Love; daintiness
• Azalea – Take care of yourself for me; fragile passion; temperance; Chinese symbol of womanhood

B
• Bachelor’s Buttons – Celibacy; single blessedness; hope in love
• Baby’s Breath – Everlasting love; happiness; pure in heart
• Basil – Best Wishes; love; hatred
• Bay Leaf – Strength; I change but in death
• Bear’s Breeches – Art or artistic; the fine arts; artifice
• Begonia – Beware
• Betony – Surprise
• Bells Of Ireland – Good luck
• Bilberry – Treachery
• Bird Of Paradise – Magnificence
• Bittersweet – Truth
• Bluebell – Humility; constancy
• Borage – Courage; bluntness
• Bouquet of withered flowers – Rejected love
• Broom – Humility; neatness
• Bulrush – Indiscretion; docility
• Burnet – A merry heart
• Buttercup – Cheerfulness; ingratitude; childishness; desire for riches

C
• Cactus – Endurance; warmth; grandeur
• Calendula – Joy
• Calla – Magnificent beauty
• Camellia – Admiration; perfection; good luck gift to a man; loveliness
• Camellia (Pink) – Longing for you
• Camellia (Red) – You’re a flame in my heart
• Camellia (White) – You’re adorable
• Camomile – Energy in adversity
• Candytuft – Indifference
• Carnation (in general) Bonds of affection; health and energy; fascination; alas for my poor heart
• Carnation (pink) – I’ll never forget you
• Carnation (purple) – Capriciousness; whimsical; changeable
• Carnation (red) – My heart aches for you; admiration
• Carnation (solid colour) -Yes
• Carnation (striped)- No; refusal; sorry I can’t be with you; wish I could be with you
• Carnation (white) -Sweet and lovely; innocence; pure love; woman’s good luck gift
• Carnation (yellow) – You have disappointed me; Rejection; disdain
• Cattail – Peace; prosperity
• Cedar – I live for thee; think of me
• Celandine – Joys to come
• Chamomile – Patience ; attracts wealth
• Chysanthemum (in general) – Cheerfulness; You’re a wonderful friend
• Chysanthemum (red) – I love
• Chysanthemum (white) – Truth
• Chysanthemum (yellow) -Slighted love
• Cinnamon – My fortune is yours
• Clover (four-leaf) – Good luck; be mine
• Columbine – Folly
• Coreopsis – Always cheerful
• Corn – Riches
• Cornflower – Delicacy; refinement
• Coriander – Lust
• Cowslip – Pensiveness; winning grace
• Coxcomb – Foppery
• Crocus – Cheerfulness; abuse not; joy
• Crown Imperial – Majesty; power
• Cyclamen – Resignation and goodbye; diffidence

D
• Daffodil – Respect; regard; unrequited love; deceit
• Dahlia – Good taste; instability
• Daisy – Innocence; loyal love; purity; faith; cheer; simplicity
• Dandelion – Wishes come true; faithfulness; happiness; rustic oracle
• Daphne odora – Painting the lily
• Delphinium – Airy
• Dogwood – Durability

E
• Edelweiss – Daring; noble courage
• Eglantine – Poetry; I wound to heal
• Elder – Zealousness
• Elm – Dignity
• Eucalyptus – Protection
• Eupatorium – Delay
F
• Fennel – Worthy of all praise; strength
• Fern – Sincerity
• Fern (Magic) – Fascination; confidence and shelter
• Fern (Maidenhair) – Secret bond of love
• Feverfew – Protection
• Fig – Argument
• Fir – Time
• Flax – Domestic symbol; fate; I feel your kindness
• Forget-me-not – True love; memories; forget me not
• Forsythia – Anticipation
• Foxglove – Insincerity
• Fuchsia – Good taste
• Fuller’s Teasel – Misanthropy

G
• Gardenia – You’re lovely; secret love; refinement; joy
• Garland of roses – Reward of virtue
• Garlic – Courage; strength
• Geranium (Oak leafed) – Friendship
• Geranium (Rose) – Preference
• Geranium (Scented) – Preference, melancholy; stupidity; folly
• Gillyflower – Bonds of affection
• Gladiolus – Love at first sight; ready-armed; strength of character; generosity
• Gloxinia – Love at first sight
• Golden Rod – Precaution
• Grass – Submission; utility
• Guelder Rose – Winter; age

H
• Harebell – Submission; grief
• Hawthorn – Hope
• Hazel – Reconciliation
• Heather (lavender) – Admiration; solitude
• Heather (pink) – Good luck
• Heather (white) – Protection; wishes will come true; good luck
• Helenium – Tears
• Heliotrope – Devotion; eternal love; faithfulness
• Hemlock – You will be my death
• Hibiscus – Delicate beauty
• Holly – Good will; defence; domestic happiness; foresight
• Hollyhock – Female ambition; fecundity
• Honesty – Honesty; fascination
• Honeysuckle – Generous and devoted affection; sweetness of disposition
• Hop – Injustice
• Hyacinth (general) – Rashness, sorrow, flower dedicated to Apollo
• Hyacinth (blue) – Constancy
• Hyacinth ( purple) – I’m sorry; please forgive me; sorrow
• Hyacinth (red or pink) – Play
• Hyacinth (white) – Loveliness; I’ll pray for you
• Hyacinth (yellow) – Jealousy
• Hydrangea – Thank you for understanding; frigidity; heartlessness; vanity
• Hyssop – Wards away evil spirits; cleanliness

I
• Ice plant – Your looks freeze me
• Iris – Faith; hope; wisdom and valour; my compliments; eloquence; message
• Ivy – Fidelity; friendship; affection; marriage

J
• Jasmine – Amiability; wealth; grace and elegance
• Jonquil – Love me; affection returned; desire; sympathy
• Judas Tree – Unbelief; betrayal
• Juniper – Protection; succour

K
• Kingcup – Desire for riches

L
• Laburnum – Forsaken; pensive beauty
• Larkspur (pink) – Fickleness; levity
• Laurel (mountain) – Ambition; glory
• Lavender – Devotion, distrust
• Lemon – Zest
• Lemon Balm – Brings love
• Lemon verbena – Attracts opposite sex
• Lilac – First love
• Lily (general) – Purity
• Lily (calla) – Beauty
• Lily (day) – Coquetry
• Lily (eucharis) – Maidenly charms
• Lily (orange) – Hatred
• Lily (tiger) – Wealth; pride
• Lily (white) – Virginity; purity; majesty; it’s heavenly to be with you
• Lily (yellow) – I’m walking on air; false and gay
• Lily of the valley – sweetness; return to happiness; humility; perferct purity
• Lobelia – Malevolence
• Love-in-a-mist – Perplexity
• Love-lies-bleeding – Hopeless; not heartless
• Lupin – Voraciousness; admiration

M
• Magnolia – Sweetness; beauty; love of nature; nobility; dignity; splendid beauty
• Marigold – Comforts the heart; grief; cruelty; jealousy; sacred affection
• Marjoram (sweet) – Joy and happiness; blushes
• Meadowsweet – Uselessness
• Michaelmas Daisy – Afterthought; farewell
• Mignionette – Your qualities surpass your charms
• Mimosa – Sensitivity
• Mint – Protection from illness; warmth of feeling; virtue
• Mistletoe – Kiss me; affection; I surmount difficulties; sacred plant of India, magic plant of the Druids
• Monkshood – Beware, a deadly foe is near; chivalry
• Morning Glory – Affectation
• Moss – Maternal love; charity
• Myrrh – Gladness
• Myrtle – Love; love in absence; remembrance; Hebrew emblem of marriage
• Myrtle (wax) – Discipline; instruction

N
• Narcissus – Egotism; formality; stay as sweet as you are; you love yourself too well; self-esteem
• Nasturtium – Conquest; victory in battle; maternal love; charity; patriotism
• Nightshade – Truth

O
• Oak leaves – Bravery
• Oleander – Caution; beware
• Orange – Generosity
• Orange Blossom – Wisdom; purity; eternal love; your purity equals your loveliness
• Orange (mock) – Deceit
• Orchid – Love; beauty; refinement; you flatter me
• Orchid (Cattleya) – Mature charm

P
• Palm leaves – Victory and success
• Pansy – Thoughts; love
• Parsley – Festivities
• Pasque Flower – You have no claims
• Peach blossom – Longevity; I am your captive
• Peony – Shame; bashfulness; anger; indignation
• Peppermint – Warmth of feelings
• Periwinkle (blue) – Early friendship
• Periwinkle (white) – Pleasures of memory
• Persicaria – Restoration
• Petunia – Resentment; anger; your presence soothes me; never despairing
• Phlox – Agreement; unanimity; sweet dreams
• Pine – Hope; pity
• Pink – Boldness
• Poinsettia – Be of good cheer
• Polyanthus – Pride of riches
• Poppy (general) – Eternal sleep; oblivion; imagination; extravagance
• Poppy (red) -Pleasure; fantastic extravagance
• Poppy (white) – Consolation; sleep
• Poppy( yellow) – Wealth; success
• Prickly Pear – Satire
• Primrose – I can’t live without you; early youth; young love
• Primrose (evening) – Inconstancy

Q
• Quaking Grass – Agitation
• Queen Anne’s Lace – Fantasy
• Quince – Temptation

R
• Ranunculus – You are radiant with charms
• Rocket – Rivalry
• Rose (red) – Love ; I love you
• Rose (white) – Eternal Love; innocence; heavenly; secrecy and silence
• Rose (pink) – Perfect happiness; please believe me
• Rose (yellow) – Friendship; jealousy; try to care
• Rose (black) – Death
• Rose (red and white) – Together; unity
• Rose (thornless) – Love at first sight
• Rose (single, full bloom) – I love you; I still love you
• Rose bud – Beauty and youth; a heart innocent of love
• Rose bud (red) – Pure and lovely
• Rose bud (white) – Girlhood
• Rosebud (moss) – Confessions of love
• Roses (bouquet of full bloom) – Gratitude
• Roses (garland or crown of) – Beware of virtue; reward of merit; crown ; symbol of superior merit
• Roses (musk cluster) – Charming
• Rose (tea) – I’ll always remember
• Rose (cabbage) – Ambassador of love
• Rose (Christmas) – Tranquilize my anxiety; anxiety
• Rose (damask) – Brilliant complexion
• Rose (dark crimson) – Mourning
• Rose (hibiscus) – Delicate beauty
• Rose leaf – You may hope
• Rosemary – Remembrance; commitment; fidelity
• Rudbeckia – Justice
• Rue – Disdain

S
• Saffron – Beware of excess
• Sage – Wisdom; long life; domestic virtue
• Salvia (blue) – I think of you
• Scabious – Unfortunate love
• Shamrock – Lightheartedness
• Smilax – Loveliness
• Snapdragon – No; deception; gracious lady; presumption
• Snowdrop – Hope
• Spearmint – Warmth of sentiment
• Spiderflower – Elope with me
• Spindle Tree – Your charms are engraved on my heart
• Statice – Lasting beauty
• Star of Bethlehem – Atonement; purity
• Stephanotis – Happiness in marriage; desire to travel; come to me
• Stock – Lasting beauty; promptness
• Strawberry – Perfect goodness
• Sunflower – Loyalty; haughtiness; you are splendid
• Sweet Basil – Good luck
• Sweet pea – Goodbye; departure; blissful pleasure; Thank you for a lovely time
• Sweet William – Grant me one smile; perfection; gallantry
• Syringa – Memory

T
• Tamarisk – Crime
• Thrift – Sympathy
• Thyme – Strength and courage; activity
• Tuberose – Dangerous pleasure
• Tulip(general) – Fame; charity; declaration of love;
• Tulip(red) – Believe me; declaration of love
• Tulip(variegated) – Beautiful eyes
• Tulip(yellow) – Hopeless love

U

V
• Valerian – An accommodating disposition
• Vernal Grass – Poor but happy
• Veronica – Fidelity
• Violet – Modesty; faithfulness
• Violet (blue) – Watchfulness; faithfulness; I’ll always be true
• Violet (white) – Let’s take a chance on happiness
• Viscaria – Will you dance with me?

W
• Wallflower – Fidelity in adversity
• Water Lily – Purity of heart
• Wistaria – I cling to you
• Woodruff – Sweet humility
• Wormwood – Absence

X
• Xeranthemum – Cheerfulness under adversity

Y
• Yarrow – Health; healing
• Yew – Sorrow

Z
• Zinnia – Thoughts of friends
• Zinnia (magenta) – Lasting affection
• Zinnia (mixed) – Thinking of an absent friend
• Zinnia (scarlet) – Constancy
• Zinnia (white) – Goodness
• Zinnia (yellow) – Daily remembrance